Scientists say all men fit into three categories – so which one are you?
- Researchers studied 92 straight men from diverse cultural backgrounds
- They found all men fit had one of three styles of masculinity
When it comes to types of men, alpha or beta males may spring to mind.
But a new study has revealed three new categories of masculinity that scientists claim all men fit in to.
Researchers from the University of Columbia studied 92 straight men from diverse cultural backgrounds and found three types of masculinity.
Neo-traditionalist men largely follow traditional gender roles, while egalitarian men seek a more equal partnership, according to the researchers.
Meanwhile, progressive men have regular conversations with their partner to adjust who does what.
When it comes to types of men, alpha or beta males may spring to mind. But a new study has revealed three new categories of masculinity that scientists claim all men fit in to (stock image)
Men who seek a more equal partnership, with emphasis on mutuality and measurable give and take, are classed as egalitarian (stock image)
What’s your masculinity style?
In the study, the team set out to investigate how masculinity styles influence intimate partner relationships.
Dr John Oliffe, who led the study, said: ‘We set out to understand how different types of masculinities shape men’s relationships and their mental health.
‘What we found was that these masculine types were associated with different benefits as well as challenges.’
The researchers enlisted 92 straight men aged 19 to 43, who completed questionnaires to assess their masculinity style.
The results revealed that all men fit into one of three categories.
Firstly, men who largely follow traditional gender roles, such as being the provider and protector in the relationship are classed as neo-traditionalists.
Meanwhile, men who seek a more equal partnership, with emphasis on mutuality and measurable give and take, are classed as egalitarian.
Finally, men who work on building gender equity in the partnership through regular, purposeful conversations with their partner to adjust who does what, are classed as progressive.
These different styles were found to have both pros and cons.
Men who work on building gender equity in the partnership through regular, purposeful conversations with their partner to adjust who does what, are classed as progressive (stock image)
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For example, men who actively promote gender equity and social justice report improved mental wellbeing.
In contrast, men who challenge these ideals could face isolation or criticism from others, which can impact their mental health.
Meanwhile, the study found that some men with an egalitarian style still struggle to grasp the concept of achieving gender equality through splitting domestic tasks strictly 50-50.
‘These shifts and stresses have implications for mental health,’ said Dr Oliffe.
‘To promote meaningful change, we need to address the structures that influence men’s behaviours.’
The team hopes the findings will pave the way for healthier relationships.
‘While men are becoming more involved in promoting gender equity, little is known about how younger men work to build partnerships in their private lives,’ Dr Oliffe added.
‘With this research, we hope we have helped map that uncharted space and point a way forward for healthier relationships that promote the health of men, their partners and families.’
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