Earth’s oceans move when fish have SEX! Anchovies’ ‘frantic behaviour’ during spawning causes turbulence in waters and helps to circulate nutrients, study finds
- Scientists monitored water turbulence in Ria de Pontevedra for 15 days
- Despite the weather staying calm, turbulence increased every night
- Samples collected in nets revealed huge numbers of spawning anchovies
- Findings suggest fish spawning is key to keeping ocean ecosystems running
Anchovies display such frantic behaviour when they spawn that they cause Earth’s oceans to move, a new study has revealed.
Researchers from the University of Southampton found that waters in coastal regions are mixed during anchovy spawning, which helps to circulate nutrients and oxygen.
According to the researchers, the process is key to keeping the ocean ecosystems running and sustaining life.
Anchovies display such frantic behaviour while the spawn that they cause Earth’s oceans to move, a new study has revealed
Researchers from the University of Southampton found that waters in coastal regions are mixed during anchovy spawning, which helps to circulate nutrients and oxygen
Mexican corvina fish have such loud sex they could deafen dolphins
Every spring, hundreds of thousands of corvina fish amass in the Colorado River Delta in the northernmost part of Mexico’s Gulf of California to take part in reproductive orgies.
Each corvina produces a sound which resembles ‘a really loud machine gun.’
Together, these orgies create a deafening sound, which researchers compare to ‘a crowd cheering at a stadium.’
Scientists have warned that the noise could be loud enough to deafen other sea animals, including dolphins.
The mixing of the oceans is crucial to ensure heat, oxygen, nutrients and pollutants are moved between different layers.
While previous studies have shown how winds and tides drive most of this mixing, until now, little has been known about the contribution made by animals.
In their study, the team monitored water turbulence in Ria de Pontevedra, a bay in the north-west coast of the Iberian Peninsula, for 15 days.
Using an instrument called a microstructure profiler, the team was able to monitor tiny variations in current speed and temperature.
Their analysis revealed that despite the weather staying calm throughout the 15 days, turbulence within the water increased every night as fish gathered in the bay.
Samples collected with fishing nets revealed huge numbers of recently spawned eggs of European anchovy.
This suggests that anchovies’ frantic behaviour during spawning was responsible for the increased water turbulence.
Dr Bieito Fernández Castro, who led the study, said: ‘We believe that biological mixing was intense in our observations because the bay is highly stratified – the temperature and other properties vary significantly at different depths.
‘Previous studies have suggested that biological turbulence causes minimal mixing because the circular motions of water that the fish generate while swimming are too small.
‘This is certainly true in the open ocean, where temperature changes occur over tens of metres.
‘However, we have shown that closer to land, where the layers change over a much shorter distance, the anchovies are able to mix them together.’
The researchers believe that while biological mixing may not be that important in the open ocean, it plays a key role in keeping ecosystems running in coastal regions.
‘The observation of how our anchovies drove mixing was totally fortuitous,’ Dr Fernández Castro added.
‘We were set to study how turbulence affects marine life and we end up showing, for the first time, that marine life can influence ocean turbulence, which in turn influences marine life!’
ATLANTIC OCEAN CIRCULATION PLAYS A KEY ROLE IN REGULATING THE GLOBAL CLIMATE
When it comes to regulating global climate, the circulation of the Atlantic Ocean plays a key role.
This is due to a constantly moving system of deep-water circulation often referred to as the Global Ocean Conveyor Belt which sends warm, salty Gulf Stream water to the North Atlantic where it releases heat to the atmosphere and warms Western Europe.
The cooler water then sinks to great depths and travels all the way to Antarctica and eventually circulates back up to the Gulf Stream.
When it comes to regulating global climate, the circulation of the Atlantic Ocean plays a key role
This motion is fuelled by thermohaline currents – a combination of temperature and salt.
It takes thousands of years for water to complete a continuous journey around the world.
Researchers believe that as the North Atlantic began to warm near the end of the Little Ice Age, freshwater disrupted the system, called the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC).
Arctic sea ice, and ice sheets and glaciers surrounding the Arctic began to melt, forming a huge natural tap of fresh water that gushed into the North Atlantic.
This huge influx of freshwater diluted the surface seawater, making it lighter and less able to sink deep, slowing down the AMOC system.
Researchers found the AMOC has been weakening more rapidly since 1950 in response to recent global warming.
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